`` The Kensington Runestone - Mystery Solved

The Kensington Runestone

"An Ancient Mystery Solved"

The Kensington Runestone

The Kensington Runestone

"I'm going to build my secrets into the Geometry of these buildings, because I know that books can be burned but buildings not so easily."
- Thomas Jefferson

UPDATED: 07/28/2017


The Kensington Runestone has been the subject of discussion and controversy since its discovery in 1898 by a Swedish farmer, named Olof Ohman, while clearing land for his farm near Kensington, Minnesota (45* 48' 46.17"N - 95* 40' 01.53"). Due to inherent skepticism, and the fact that Olof was himself Swedish, many people thought the stone was a forgery. This controversy has existed for over 100 years up until this very time. Well the controversy is over. There is now physical proof that the runestone is authentic and plays a large role in American history. The Kensington Runestone, pictured above, is 31 inches high, 16 inches wide, six inches thick and weighs 202 pounds. On the face and one side are characters known as "runes", a type of writing used in the Middle Ages only by inhabitants of northwestern Europe, such as the Norwegians, Danes, and Gotland Islanders.


The information gathered for presentation on this website was gathered through the rediscovery of an ancient science called Geoglyphology. (Google keyword: Geoglyphology). The calculations performed on both this website and the Newport Tower website require the use of a special software called "Google Earth". Google's software is able to calculate true spherical bearings on a curved surface and then display them correctly on a flat plane. This software can be acquired, free of charge, by searching the internet using the keywords "Google Earth".

The advantage of Geoglyphology, as it relates to Archeology, is to expand both the search area and the knowledge base available to the Archaeologist.

Until now the majority of the information available to the Archaeologist was gleaned from the information recovered at the dig site. In recent years it has been discovered that a great majority of the ancient architectural, monolithic and geoglyphic structures built around the world have something in common. That commonality is that the structures were aligned in such a manner that the study of their linier alignment unveils a much larger story and immensely expands the data available to the archeologist and the related disciplines. It should be noted that many ancient geoglyphs contain both astrological and geoglyphological information in their alignments.

Data recovered from sites, which included Geoglyphology in their study, included obtaining the geographical range of the culture being studied, the level of sophistication that existed in relation to their understanding of mathematics and geometry, their knowledge of world geography, the discovery of other archeological sites that were unknown prior to the studies, and the dating of the culture itself by the data collected at related offsite locations.

The success of these studies shows that Geoglyphology can play a major role in expanding the knowledge base available to the Archeologist. The protocols used to determine the termination points of the radials are not included in this article, but were established over 30,000 years ago and only recently rediscovered. (Geoglyphology is explained at http://www.thefaramfoundation.com )

The Kensington Runestone

If you visited the Newport Tower website ( Newport Tower Link ) you will understand how the Kensington Runestone fits into that puzzle. The Newport Tower was previously thaught to work with the Kensington Runestone and Inspiration Peak to outline an ancient North American territory which was later defended against the a Norse invasion. Well, all that is true except that the Newport Tower construction was to designate a territory which was negotiated c1450CE with Portugal. It was the "location" of the Newport Tower which was used to establish the boundaries of the original and ancient North American Territory.

The Northern boundary of the Templar Territory, as was Inspiration Peak, was identified by two radials projected from the Stonehenge geoglyph. The original boundary was a line running between the current ends of the US northern boundary. The Northern US boundary changed in the "Treaty of Paris" after the Revolutionary War with Britain. Further changes were made during negotians in the comming years. Interestingly, the two ends of the original US boundary, as designated by Stonehenge, remains the same today. More proof that the Stonehenge Geoglyph is valid.

As you saw in the Newport Tower presentation, the Newport Tower lead us to two important geographichical, and historicly important, points. One was Inspiration Peak, MN USA and the other was the Kensington Runestone Location. The Newport Tower, Inspiration Peak, and the Kensington Runestone were important in outlining the territory given to the Celts/Templars by the Portuguese. (ref: The book "La Merica - 2014) There was a previous North American Territory which existed prior to the Newport Tower being constructed. Based on the fact that Inspiration Peak and the Newport RI locations were identified by geoglyphs, as far back as 7000 BCE, it is safe to assume that said territory existed prior to the Newport Tower. The Kensington Runestone was carved to designate the revision of the original territory. That revision came about through an agreement between the Templars and the Portuguese to deed Mesoamerica to Spain. (More on this later)

The Kensington Runestone Solution

Runestone Front

Runestone Front

Runestone Side

Runestone Side

Upon submitting the runestone to a handwriting analysis it was determined that the writing had been done by two different persons. The first five rows were done by one person and the last four rows, and side, were done by a second person. The first tip off is the slant of the work. If you will check the slant in the pictures above you will notice a distinct difference from one persons writing to the other. Another tip off is the way the letters are formed. For example; the first person brings the right leg of his "R" all the way down to the baseline, the second person stops short of the baseline. As is common when someone is attempting to copy another personís writing, the first half of the sixth line is similar to the first five lines. But as is always the case, the copier gets tired of trying to copy the other personís style and towards the end of the first line and thereafter he reverts back to his own style.

It is believed that the second persons writing was added to more clearly define the boundaries of the North American territory after an agreement to deed Mesoamerica to Spain. As is depicted in the Newport Tower solution, Central America was once part of a North America land claim.

Original Translation

Nielsen's Translation

In order to discover how the runestone and the tower were connected it would be necessary to study a translation of the Runestone done by Dr. Richard Neilsen. As previously stated, the builders of the Newport Tower and creators of the Kensington Runestone have little use for words and place most of their emphasis on numbers, geometry and symbols. Attention was directed to the numbers contained in the translation.

The 1362 number, the last characters on the runestone, rather than being a date were found to be a code which unequiviqually validates the runestone as genuine. This information will be retained for future use. Spain took over Central America in 1519CE when Cortez invaded Mexico. This territory seems to have been deeded to Spain sometime before this. Prior to 1492CE, at the end of the Iberian/Moorish War, the Templars and Portugal agreed to deed Central America to Spain. c1820CE Portugal constructed the Gumar Pyramids on the Island of Tenerife, Canary Islands, to validate the deeding of the new boundaries of the North American territory to what was now the United States. Spain already had an interest in Mexico long before Cortez made his move. There are numerous geoglyphs, which were planted along the path of Columbus' first voyage, in 1492CE, to outline the territory given to Spain by the Portuguese/Etruscans and the Celts. At one time the Etruscans, now the Portuguese, claimed all of North and South America. The ancient survey markers that support this can be seen in the book "Ancient Signposts".

The new North American Territory, the territory agreed to by the three countries, correlates perfectly with the territory depicted by the Newport Tower. To recap, we have the original North American territory depicted by the Kensington Runstone, Inspiration Peak, and the Newport Location. Notice I said "location" not "Tower". The tower was added c1472CE, by the Celtic immigrants which followed the Templars, to designate the new North American boundaries. These boundaries, with some realignments due to the Mexican American War and negotians with England, became what we now know as the United States. The Oak Island swamp triangle also depicts this same original 7000 year old North American territory. The Templar era ended c1450CE with the building of Rosslyn Chapel.

The Newport, RI location has been an important location, as discovered by the ancient Science of Geoglyphology, for over 7000 years. The Newport Tower was constructed c1472CE to designate the new territory agreed upon between the Templars, Portuguese and Spain. Spain was apparently in the dark about the New World prior to the collaboration of the three countries to win the Iberian/Moorish War. Not by coincidence the war ended in the spring of 1492CE. Columbus set sail for the new world in the fall of 1492CE. During his visit to the New World he placed geoglyphic survey markers on several islands to claim the territory for Spain.

Translation Decoded

Translation Decoded

The above translation is the original translation by Dr. Neilson. The decoding was performed by the Faram Research Foundation and led to the information concerning the ancient territories spoken of herein.

010 Degrees at 22 Miles

010 Degrees at 22 Miles

One solution derived from the numbers given on the runestone was a heading of 10 degrees at 22 miles. This was from where the Kensington Runestone was found to "The Spacer" mentioned below. Although this interpretation seemed to be headed in the right direction, toward Inspiration Peak, it still did not give any indication that it was a correct solution to the puzzle. Neither did any of the other combination of numbers. Research was done to see if the method of measurement had changed from 1362 CE until now. Sure enough Queen Elizabeth had changed the Universal Standard of measurement, the mile, from 5000 feet to 5280 feet, after becoming Queen, in 1592 CE. That meant that 22 miles in old English miles would convert to 20.8 miles in new English miles. Curiously enough most of the explorerís maps that have been discovered are dated in the 16th Century. Could this change in universal measurement have come about to mask all the measurements done before that?

The Spacer

The Spacer
(46 06 33.05N - 95 35 05.68W)

After converting the old English miles to new English miles the figures 10 degrees at 20.8 miles were used. This placed the end point on what became known as "The Spacer", shown below. It was called this because the measurements are so precise that when you land on the south end of the spacer, and begin your second leg from the south end, you will come up short of reaching the all important Inspiration Peak, by the same length as the spacer. The second leg of the connection must start on the north end of the Spacer. The "Spacer" is the line on the left side of the picture, which looks like a runway. This is in reality a stone wall that someone has mowed around. This object may, or may not, be currently shown on Google Earth.

022 Degrees at 2 Miles

Inspiration Peak - 22 Degrees at 2 Miles
(46 08 09.49N 95 34 14.61W)

Now that the Spacer has come into play one must follow the new direction which the Stone wall points at 22 degrees. The Kensington Runestone describes as this leg as 22 degrees at 2 miles in order to reach the main survey marker named Inspiration Peak. But remember, we are dealing in old English miles so the real distance is 1.9 miles. The end of the last line drawn lands precisely where the West vertex of the Newport Triangle solution landed, Inspiration Peak.


The figures displayed above are the figures used to transition from the place where the Kensington Runestone was found, to "Inspiration Peak". However, locating Inspiration Peak was meaningless unless you already knew the geometry associated with it. It appears that the first writer assumed that the reader would already know the geometry and would only need to locate Inspiration Peak in order to apply the mathematics. There was enough information in the first five lines of the text to locate the "...traps and two shelters one day north from this spot." (This is referring to a campsite containing the stone wall pointing to Inspiration Peak. This campsite is depicted in the next two photos.) However, the second writer had a different agenda and wanted to make the complete solution available to whoever might find the stone. This would be a prudent move if the second writer assumed the details would be lost to time. But this was not the only reason for placing new information on the stone. Since the time that Inspiration Peak was surveyed, thousands of years before, things had changed that required a revision of the boundaries that had existed for millennia. The main reason for the revision was the deeding of Mesoamerica to Spain. (See photo titled "Revised North American Territory" below)

Since the time the Kensington Runestone was first carved (c1362) the Northern Territory had changed. The territory, in its original concept, included Meso (Central) America and Baja California. In 1519 CE Hernando Cortes invaded Mexico City and claimed that land for Spain. The geoglyph in southern Texas, which marks the end of the Southern 1362 mile long radial, lies at the mouth of the Nueces River, just North of the Rio Grande River. The argument over the land between the Nueces River and the Rio Grande River is what sparked the war with Mexico.

The critical addition to the Kensington Runestone was the number 1362. As you will see the 110 degree radial and the 140 degree radial were also added and are also critical in solving the revised puzzle. The new information was a crucial part of revising the ancient survey done in North America thousands of years before. The revised North American survey excluded Central America and retained Baja California. Unfortunately Baja California was later lost in treaty negotiations after the Mexican American war.


Campsite One Day North of Kensington Runestone Site

NOTE: This photo is presented so that you could see the geoglyphs on the ground before they were covered with lines in the next photo. These geoglyphs were plowed under after we naively posted them.

Campsite with Radials

Campsite With Geoglyphs and Stone Wall Pointing to Inspiration Peak

This campsite is obviously the one mentioned in the first five lines on the Kensington Runestone. The stone wall here is oriented 22 degrees at 2 miles from Inspiration Peak. All that would be necessary from here is to follow the stone wall pointer, a common pointer in Geoglyphology, to Inspiration Peak. The Pre-Columbian geoglyphs confirm this was a campsite, as placing geoglyphs at your campsite to claim a territory, or denote your travels, was a common practice at the time. The radial endpoints shown in the photo are all known, Pre-Columbian, geoglyphic locations. The lines that are generated by this geoglyph, unlike most, do not seem to form an organized territorial boundary. However, the endpoints are geoglyph endpoints used consistantly by other geoglyphs around the world.

IP Radials

Inspiration Peak 110 and 140 Degree Radials as Defined by the Kensington Runestone.
(The other lines are added for relationship purposes)

Revised North American territorial boundaries as described by the
Newport Tower, Inspiration Peak and the Kensington Runestone.

Notice that by running a line from Burmuda, the termination point of the 110 degree radial, through Amilia Island, the termination point of the 140 degree radial, as described in the Kensington Runestone, you have a line that terminates at the tip of Baja California, the new boundry of the North American Territory. (See below for a further revision of the United States Boundary after the Mexican/American War.)

IP Pointers

Photo showing known origination points of geoglyphs
that point to the Inspiration Peak Location

Origination points for the pointers displayed in the above photo. Included are the approximate dates the pointers were created.

Stonehenge Monolith, UK - c3100BC
Monte Alban Pyramid, Oaxaca Mexico - c500BC
Pigeon Point Geoglyph, Minnesota USA - c1200AD
Manchester, Ohio Geoglyph USA - c1300AD
Geoglyph near 23rd Street NW, Washington DC USA - c1400AD
Point du Raz Geoglyphs, Bretagne, France - c1400AD
Malabo Island Geoglyphs, Equatorial New Guinea, West Africa - c1400AD
Cape of Good Hope Geoglyphs, South Tip of Africa - c1400AD
Atanacio Geoglyphs, Mexico - c1400AD
Newport Tower, Newport, RI USA - c1473AD



The date of pre 3100BCE was arrived at considering that the Stone Henge Geoglyph points to Inspiration Peak. It is normal for a major territorial geoglyph to use one radial to identify the adjacent major territorial geoglyph.


The 1362 Northwest Endpoint and Associated Square Geoglyph

Depicted above is the termination point of the Northwest 1362 mile long radial from Inspiration Peak. The associated square geoglyph is a survey marker validating the Northeast corner of the Northern Territory. (Later to become the United States.) This geoglyph is on Stuart Island, the last island before Vancouver Island, Canada, which is still within the US borders. Based on protocols used in constructing the four geoglyphs depicted here, it is believed that the geoglyphs were made by the same group of people that revised the North American Land Claim. It is apparent that they wanted there to be no mistake as to the territory which they claimed, and as would be proved later, were willing to fight for. Unfortunatly the landowner has since destroyed this survey marker.


The 1362 Northeast Endpoint and Associated Geoglyph

Depicted above is the termination point of the Northeast 1362 mile long radial from Inspiration Peak. Unfortunately the owners of this property have not taken very good care of this geoglyph. Amazingly, this geoglyph points directly to the island of La Haute-Cote Nord, the island in the Saint Lawrence Seaway that provides the first clue, the termination point of the 013 degree radial, in solving the Newport Tower Puzzle. This geoglyph is located at the original Northern boundary of the State of Maine and the Northern Territory. The land north of here was added to the U.S. later. Unfortunatly this geoglyph has also been destroyed by the land owner.


The 1362 Mile Southern Texas Endpoint and Associated Geoglyph

This geoglyph requires some explanation. When this Southern 1362 mile long radial was added, after the revised North American territory was defined, it extended to within 30 miles of the Rio Grand River. Up until the Mexican-American war, there had always been a dispute as to where the Southern boundary of the United States ended. After Spain had taken over Mexico they claimed that the point where the southern 1362 mile long radial ended, the Nueces River, was the southern boundary of the United States. The US claimed that the Rio Grande River was the boundary between the US and Mexico. This dispute was not settled until the Mexican-American War.



The Inspiration Peak All Seeing Eye

In the preceding photo is the glyph of the "All Seeing Eye" which is seen in Egyptian hieroglyphics, Masonic icons, and on the US one dollar bill. This glyph, and the key next to it, are of raised earth so that they will stand the test of time. This and similar glyphs are located at numerous locations around the United States as survey markers and reminders of European visitations in ancient times. The last glyph known, at this time, to have been constructed in the USA are the streets of Washington D.C. . The key glyph to the left of the eye is oriented at 360 degrees true, and points right back to Inspiration Peak.


First Voyage

First Voyage of Columbus in 1492 CE


Territories as outlined by Columbus' geoglyphs.


Original North American Territory
Stonehenge c3100 BCE
Newport Tower Location - Prior to 7000 BCE
Inspiration Peak - Prior to 7000 BCE

Revised North American Territory
Stonehenge c3100 BCE
Newport Tower Location - Prior to 7000 BCE
Inspiration Peak - Prior to 7000 BCE
Kensington Runestone - c1362 - 1492 CE

Spanish Territory:

Various geoglyphs placed around the Caribbean along the route of Columbus' first voyage. - 1492 CE

Portuguese Territory

Caral Peru Geoglyphs. - c3000 BCE



The first true story of the colonization of the Americas

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